Europe and Africa have close historical, cultural and geographical ties.
EU-Africa relations are based on:
This meeting boosted relations under the 2007 Joint Africa-EU Strategy. Its aims were to:
This summit confirmed both sides' commitment to the objectives set out in the 2007 Joint Africa-EU Strategy. Leaders agreed to improve implementation through a roadmap for EU-Africa relations (2014-2017) covering 5 areas for joint action:
Since the EU-Africa Summit, the EU has been able to reflect the new priorities in its programming process.
The European Commission has approved its Multiannual Indicative Programme for 2014-2017 and the first 12 projects to be implemented (with total funding of €107m). These include:
The EU works together closely with the African Union in this area. One illustration is the joint visit to Mali in February 2015 by the African Union's Peace and Security Council and the EU's Political and Security Committee.
The EU's African Peace Facility, which has a budget of €750m for 2014 – 2016, has provided much of the funding for African-led peacekeeping operations, as well for the operationalisation of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), helping to enhance the African capacities and mechanisms to prevent and manage conflicts and crises.
Main beneficiaries - peace support operations, e.g. the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), the African-led International Support Mission to the Central African Republic (MISCA).
The April 2015 meeting between the European Commission and the African Union Commission broached the issue of migration against the backdrop of the tragic loss of life in the Mediterranean. Participants in the plenary session called for comprehensive measures to tackle illegal immigration and human trafficking. The European Commission has now presented an action plan on migration.
Other key cross-cutting topics discussed at the April 2015 meeting included the post-2015 agenda (and finance for development). Particular emphasis was placed on the need for joint efforts to achieve a good outcome, global pandemics and climate change.
A Joint Declaration and 3 stand-alone documents dealing with (i) infrastructure, (ii) space, and (iii) agriculture were adopted.
To read the documents setting out the meeting's outcomes, see the Africa-EU Partnership website.
Recent EU-African events - links
On 20 October 2015, Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the EC, had a meeting with Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, Chairwoman of the African Union Commission (AUC) in Addis Ababa.
On 30 September 2015, Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the EC, gave a speech at the UN Security Council Ministerial Debate "Settlement of conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa and Countering the terrorist threat in the region.
On 17 September 2015, Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the EC, went to Algiers where she met with Abdelmalek Sellal, Algerian Prime Minister, Ramtane Lamamra, Algerian Minister of State, Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, and Abdelkader Messahel, Algerian Minister of State at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs responsible for African and Maghreb Affairs. Federica Mogherini also had a meeting with NGO's Representatives. This video shows extracts of the meetings.