Didier Lenoir, Director of the Crisis Management and Planning Directorate (CMPD)
Curriculum vitae [2 MB]
The Crisis Management and Planning Directorate contributes to the objectives of the European External Action Service, the EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) and a more secure international environment by the political-strategic planning of CSDP civilian missions and military operations, ensuring coherence and effectiveness of those actions as part of the EU comprehensive approach to crisis management and developing CSDP partnerships, policies, concepts and capabilities.
Our core activities and products include:
- Strategic Planning of CSDP missions and operations;
- Strategic Reviews of existing CSDP missions and operations;
- Develop CSDP partnerships;
- Coordinate the development of civilian and military capabilities;
- Develop CSDP policy and concepts;
- Conduct exercises and develop CSDP training.
Most Recent CSDP missions developed by the CMPD and approved by the Foreign Affairs Council include EUBAM Libya, to support the Libyan authorities in improving and developing the security of the country's borders, and the military training mission, EUTM Mali, to train and advise the Malian Armed Forces under the control of legitimate civilian authorities.
CMPD conducted recently Strategic Reviews of our missions in the Middle East, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kosovo and Afghanistan. It also develops ties between internal and external security (CSDP and FSJ) and works on civilian-military synergies.
Who are we and what do we do?
The Crisis Management Planning Directorate is part of the European External Action Service and at the core of the EU Common Security and Defence Policy as part of the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy. It was created in 2009, following European Council conclusions encouraging the establishment of a new, single civilian-military strategic planning structure for CSDP operations and missions.
The CMPD works under the political control and strategic direction of the Member States in the Political and Security Committee, acting under the responsibility of the Council of the EU and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The CMPD provides also assistance and advice to the High Representative and the relevant EU Council bodies.
Our mission and mandate are fourfold:
Strategic Planning of CSDP missions and operations
The objective of the political-strategic planning is to develop possible options for EU action and prepare a decision by EU Ministers on "what to do, why, where and with whom" with regard to a international security crisis situation. These options are put together in a Crisis Management Concept (CMC) which is proposed to EU Ministers for approval. It forms the basis for the further operational planning and the conduct of a mission or an operation.
The Strategic planning is conducted in an integrated way, involving both civilian and military planners and in consultation with other services within the EEAS. Recent Crisis Manangement Concepts developed by the CMPD and approved by the Foreign Affairs Council include those for the mission for the Regional Maritime Capacity Building in the Horn of Africa and in Somalia, the Sahel mission and the mission for the security of the airport in Juba (South Sudan).
Strategic Reviews of existing CSDP missions and operations
Strategic Reviews examine the mandate, objectives, size, extension, sustainability and continued effectiveness of existing missions and operations against the background of a changing strategic context or a new local or international political situation.
Particular attention is given to the effectiveness of the mission and the coherence with other EU instruments, with bilateral actions by Member States and by other international actors and with EU political objectives. CMPD conducts Strategic Reviews in close consultation with other relevant EEAS services and local and international partners. Recently, it conducted Strategic Reviews of our missions in Kosovo, the Middle East, Iraq, Georgia and Afghanistan.
CMPD also develops Lessons learned on missions and operations or on specific topics such as Human rights, Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration and Security Sector Reform (SSR) with a view to improve performance of CSDP actions. These lessons are fed back into the strategic planning process.
Develop CSDP partnerships
The CMPD has a mandate to initiate and develop partnerships in the crisis management field with actors such as the UN, African Union, NATO, OSCE as well as with Third States such as China, Norway, Russia, Turkey and the US. It develops Framework Participation Agreements for participations in missions and operations. Recently concluded agreements include the one with the US and with New Zealand.
Develop supportive CSDP Policies, concepts, capabilities, trainings and exercises
The CMPD has a mandate to initiate, develop and coordinate activities in further developing European civilian and military capabilities, and more in particular also the synergies between civilian and military means, as well as training aspects and the conduct of exercises and to develop CSDP policy and concepts such as on SSR, Human rights in missions and operations, the strengthening ties between CSDP and the area of Freedom, Security and Justice and horizontal aspects of EU crisis management, as it relates to the comprehensive approach, the role of the EU as a peace builder and possible synergies with crisis prevention and post-conflict reconstruction.