Technical and financial co-operation
The European Union (EU) supports Georgia’s ambitions to get closer to the EU. The EU assistance to Georgia between 1992-2009 amounted to almost € 865 million. Since 1992 the EU provided assistance throught different instruments and programmes, such as ECHO *) and Food Aid Operations through the European Agricultural Guarantee and Guidance Fund (EAGGF), Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States (Tacis), Food Security Progamme (FSP), Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA), European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR), Rapid Reaction Mechanism (RRM) and Common and Foreign Instrument Joint Actions (CFSP).
From 2007, the EU assistance has also been provided through a set of new instruments: The European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI), Twinning, TAIEX (Technical Assistance and Information Exchange), SIGMA (Support for Improvement for Governance and Mangemet), Instrument for Stability (IfS), Thematic Programmes. The ENPI (with its national, regional and interregional programmes) is the main tool for providing assistance to Georgia.
At a Donors Conference (held in Brussels on 22 October 2008) the European Union announced that with the funding of up to € 500 million it will assist Georgia in 2008-2010 to overcome the results of the 2008 August conflict.
The main EU-Georgia co-operation objectives and priority fields are outlined in three key documents: the Country Strategy Paper 2007-2013 (CSP), the National Indicative Programme 2007-2010 (NIP) and National Indicative Programme 2011-2013 (NIP).
The Country Strategy Paper (CSP), prepared by the European Commission, covers the political, economic, social and institutional situation in Georgia. The report assesses when and how relations with the country can deepen and is the basis on which a political decision is taken for the next stage - the Action Plan. Georgia’s CSP includes eight priority areas for action: Rule of Law - Improvement of Business Climate - Economic Development and Poverty Reduction - Co-operation on Justice, Law, Security (JLS) and Border Management - Regional Co-operation – Resolution of Internal Conflicts - Co-operation on Foreign and Security Policy – Transport and Energy.
The National Indicative Programme (NIP) funds four priority areas in Georgia, through the ENPI, with a total allocation of €120.4 million for the period 2007-2010, as follows:
- Democratic Development, Rule of Law and Governance (€31.5 million), supporting democracy, human rights and civil society development, as well as rule of law and judicial reform and good governance, public finance reform and administrative capacity.
- Economic Development (€31.5 million), covering the promotion of external trade and improving the investment climate, supporting the ENP Action Plan implementation, and regulatory reforms and education, science and people-to people contacts.
- Poverty Reduction and Social Reforms (€38.4 million), including strengthening social reforms in health and social protection and also rural and regional development.
- Peaceful Settlement of Georgia’s Internal Conflicts (€19.0 million)
An indicative amount of €180.29 million has been allocated to Georgia for its 2011-13 National Indicative Programme (NIP) financed under the ENPI. The priority areas for the 2011-2013 NIP are:
- Democratic Development, Rule of Law and Governance (€45 - 63 million)
- Trade and investment, regulatory alignment and reform (€27 – 45 million)
- Regional development, sustainable economic and social development, poverty reduction (€63 – 81 million)
- Peaceful Settlement of conflicts (€9-18 million)