Technical and Financial Cooperation
The European Union's political and financial commitment to Kosovo is two-fold. The EU provides assistance to meet Kosovo's institution-building needs and socio-economic development, and it also provides a substantial contribution to the international presence in Kosovo.
Responding to the Council's request to use community instruments to promote Kosovo's economic and political development, the Commission organised a donors' conference in Brussels on 11 July 2008. The Kosovo authorities presented a Mid-Term Expenditure Framework 2009-11, which estimated a funding gap of some €1.1 billion for Kosovo's socio-economic development over the coming three years. A total of €1.2 billion was pledged by the international community, including some €100 million for a stabilisation fund for contingent liabilities. The EC pledged €508 million, consolidating Instrument for pre-accession assistance (IPA) and Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA) allocations to be disbursed during this period. The EU Member States pledged a further €286 million from their bilateral assistance budgets.
In 2010, Kosovo received € 67.3 million of financial aid under the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA). The allocation for 2011 totals € 68.7 million. The 2010 programme covers 11 areas from three major categories: political criteria, economic criteria, and European standards. The projects have been prepared in close cooperation with the authorities and beneficiaries in Kosovo and in close consultation with other donors.
The financial allocation for Kosovo for the period 2007-2012 is as follows:
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IPA Annual Programme 2007:
- Programme Description [16 KB]
- Commission Decision [17 KB]
- Financing Proposal [87 KB]
- Summary of projects [35 KB]
- IPA 2007 projects [968 KB]
IPA Annual Programme 2008:
- Programme Description [14 KB]
- Commission Decision and Financing Proposal [118 KB]
- Summary of projects [33 KB]
- IPA 2008 projects [2 MB]
IPA Annual Programme II 2008:
- Programme Description [12 KB]
- Commission Decision and Financing Proposal [91 KB]
- Summary of projects [20 KB]
- IPA 2008 II projects [266 KB]
IPA Annual Programme 2009:
- Commission Decision and Financing Proposal [88 KB]
- Summary of Projects [32 KB]
- IPA 2009 projects [2 MB]
IPA Annual Programme 2010:
Examples of EU-assisted projects can be found on the list of projects and case studies webpage.
Annual programmes of the Instrument for Pre-accession are designed in accordance with the strategic Multi-Annual Programming Documents (MIPDs). They are adopted by the Commission following consultation with the beneficiaries and a wide range of stakeholders. In the case of Kosovo, they are implemented by centralised management.
In the past, the EU has provided support to Kosovo under a variety of financial instruments, including Community Assistance for Reconstruction, Development and Stabilisation (CARDS), macro-financial support and humanitarian aid.
Kosovo also benefits from TAIEX and Twinning projects, EU higher education programmes such as Tempus and Erasmus Mundus, as well as the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights.