Environment and Sustainable Development
Environment and climate change have become policy priorities for Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation.
Syria faces important environmental challenges that affect the living conditions, health and economic productivity of its population. One of Syria’s main challenges is to enhance its environmental management in order to effectively address these challenges.
Syria’s National Environmental Action Plan identifies its most pressing environmental predicaments: water scarcity and contamination, soil degradation, air pollution, inappropriate solid waste treatment and disposal, biodiversity loss, as well as coastal and maritime pollution. The frequency of droughts and reduction of water availability are the most visible of the many dire consequences.
Undesirable environmental changes are driven by various factors, including economic and population growth, urbanisation, intensification of agriculture, as well as the rising use of energy and transportation. Poverty also remains a problem at the root of much environmental degradation.
The European Union (EU) supports Syria in enhancing its environmental management and investments, with a focus on water, wastewater and solid waste management.
The first Country Environmental Profile [3 MB] for Syria is a significant outcome of EU-Syria cooperation and a landmark document in the field.
The ongoing environmental cooperation programmes in Syria are:
- Water Supply and Sanitation in Two Palestinian Refugee Camps (Khan Dannoun and Khan Eshieh)
- Rural Damascus Water and Sanitation Project
- MED-ENEC regional project to give a boost to energy efficiency measures and to the use of solar energy in the construction sector in Mediterranean countries. MED-ENEC pilot project in Qudsia next to Damascus.
- Project to reduce the pollution through olive oil production
The environmental cooperation programmes under preparation are:
Syria also takes part in a number of regional and thematic initiatives to depollute the Mediterranean Sea, address the challenge of climate change and to promote efficient and renewable energies.Back to Technical and financial co-operation