Overview of political relations
Since 1991, when Ukraine gained independence, the European Union and Ukraine have developed an increasingly dynamic relationship.
The current legal framework for EU-Ukraine relations is provided by the Partnership and Co-operation Agreement (PCA).
The ambitions of both the EU and Ukraine to enhance their relationship created an opportunity to move beyond cooperation towards gradual economic integration and deepening political association.
Therefore, in March 2007 negotiations on a new EU-Ukraine Association Agreement were launched. They have been finished in December 2011. The new agreement envisages among others Political Association and Economic Integration of Ukraine to the EU. EU intends to take steps to sign and ratify the Association Agreement as soon as possible, but this will depend on political circumstances.
On 10 December 2012 The Council of the European Union reaffirmed its commitment to sign the Association Agreement, as soon as the Ukrainian authorities demonstrate determined action and tangible progress in three important areas: legal reforms, election related questions and politically motivated cases (Сouncil conclusions on Ukraine).
Since it will take some time until the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement can enter into force, the sides decided to adopt the EU-Ukraine Association Agenda.