The EU is part of the Transport Sector Troika together with the World Bank and the African Development Bank. The sector lead was taken over from EU by the African Development Bank at the beginning of 2013. The main cooperation partners include in addition the Japanese Cooperation Agency (JICA), Development Bank of Southern Africa, Agence Française de Développement, China, European Investment Bank and the Danish cooperation (DANIDA).
EU-funded interventions focus on the road and aviation sectors.
The road transport sector is key to the economic and social development of Zambia. Under the 9th EDF, the EC implemented innovative sector budget support, with greater emphasis on domestically-driven processes. Most of EU support to the road sector is channelled to the National Road Fund, while the Road Development Agency is responsible for technical supervision of the road works. Under the 10th EDF, the purpose is to develop an improved and sustainable national and regional road network.
Regional interconnectivity is supported through the rehabilitation of the Great East Road, which is the major East-West axis linking Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the port of Nacala. This is due to start implementation in mid 2013.
The EU is the only Cooperating Partner engaged in the aviation sector.
Under the 8th and 9th EDF, the two international airports (Lusaka and Livingstone) have been rehabilitated and a comprehensive Master Plan Study undertaken.
Under the 10th EDF, the European Union is supporting the civil aviation sector in recognition of its key role in regional development and integration. The €3m aviation programme is contributing to the restructuring of national institutions to ensure adequate air safety oversight functions. It has already been partially successful as evidenced by a recent ICAO audit.
The purpose of the support is to develop enhanced regulatory and operational capabilities and to enable technology transfer with results in the specific areas of air safety, security and traffic management.
The programme consists of, amongst other elements, a services component in the amount of approximately €2 million (capacity building, training etc.) and a supply component of the order of €0.6 million.
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