The EU is involved in the water and sanitation sector in Zambia. The leading partners in this area are Germany and Denmark.
The financing instrument is the ACP-EU Water Facility, which was set up in 2004 to co-finance water and sanitation infrastructure, to improve water management and governance in the African Caribbean and Pacific countries and to achieve the Millennium Development Goal targets in the water sector.
Under the first Water Facility, two calls-for-proposals were launched in 2004 and 2006 for a total budget of €497 million. As a result, 175 projects were selected across the world, covering access to safe water, access to improved sanitation and hygiene promotion programmes. With regards to Zambia, 6 projects were selected for a total amount of €13,5 million.
A second Water Facility, with a total budget of €200 million for the period 2009-2013, specifically aims to achieve the water and sanitation Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to contribute to improving water governance and management of water resources and to the sustainable development and maintenance of water infrastructure.
Two calls for proposals were published at the beginning of 2010; Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion for the Millennium Development Goals and Partnerships for Capacity Development in the ACP Water and Sanitation Sector.
Two projects were selected for Zambia:
- (i) The Copperbelt Water Operator Partnership Project:
The project aims at developing capacity for replicating of best practices on serving Low-Income Communities and reducing non-revenue water in the Zambian Water Sector. The project area covers Copperbelt and the three water commercial utility companies namely Mulonga, Nkana and Kafubu Water and Sewerage Companies.
- (ii) Improving Water Supply and Sanitation for the Urban Poor in Zambia:
The project was funded with EDF contribution to the Basket Fund managed by the Devolution Trust Fund (DTF) to implement water and sanitation projects in peri urban and urban poor areas. The Basket is currently co-financed by KfW, Danida and GRZ.
About 2.4 billion people in the world do not have adequate sanitation