At the invitation of the Government of Guinea-Bissau, the European Union established a mission to observe the presidential elections in Guinea-Bissau on 19 June 2005.
The election marked the end of a transition to democratic rule after the previously elected government was overthrown in a September 2003 military coup. The mission was headed by Chief Observer Johan Van Hecke, member of the European Parliament.
The observers were deployed throughout the country. They met government and electoral officials, candidates and political parties, civil society representatives and the media.