At the invitation of the Government of Guinea Bissau, the European Union established a mission to observe the presidential elections there on 28 June and 26 July 2009.
The early presidential election was held in two rounds on 28 June and 26 July 2009. The new president, with a mandate of five years, was to replace president João Bernardo “Nino” Vieira, who was killed on 2 March 2009.
Johan van Hecke, former Member of the European Parliament, was Chief Observer.
The observers were deployed throughout the country. They met government and electoral officials, candidates and political parties, civil society representatives and the media.