Relations between the EU and Georgia started in 1992 just after Georgia regained its sovereignty in the wake of the break-up of the Soviet Union. Bilateral relations have further intensified since the 2003 "rose revolution" which brought to power a new Georgian administration committed to an ambitious programme of political and economic reforms.
EU-Georgia bilateral relations are regulated by the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) which entered into force on 1 July 1999. The ENP Action Plan [103 KB] endorsed by the EU-Georgia Cooperation Council of 14 November 2006 aims at fulfilling the provisions of the PCA and contributing to a closer relationship with Georgia, involving a significant degree of economic integration and deepening the political co-operation. It covers a period of five years.
The EU and Georgia completed the negotiation of an Association Agreement (AA), including the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) element, in July 2013 and initialled the Agreement at the Eastern Partnership Vilnius Summit of November 2013. Both sides hope that work on the texts can be completed in order to allow for their signature in 2014, before the end of the current Commission's mandate.
Since the early 1990s, the EU has been assisting Georgia’s efforts to overcome the consequences of internal conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The appointment in July 2003 of a European Union Special Representative for the South Caucasus (EUSR) underpins the intention of the EU for actively contributing to the peaceful resolution of conflicts in the South Caucasus and for deepening EU relations with Georgia and the other two countries of the region, Armenia and Azerbaijan. In 2011 the French diplomat, Ambassador Philippe Lefort was appointed as the European Union Special Representative for the South Caucasus and the Crisis in Georgia.
The main EU co-operation objectives, policy responses and priority fields can be found in the Country Strategy Paper 2007-2013 [78 KB] . On the basis of bilateral priorities, also a National Indicative Programme (NIP) has been adopted in agreement with the Georgian authorities. The NIP covers the period from 2010-2013.
European Union assistance to Georgia mainly takes the form of Annual Action Programmes under the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI). Other funding sources are the thematic assistance programmes which focus on specific sectors such as human rights or civil society.
An increasingly close relationship with Georgia is being fostered by the EU under the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), based on the objectives defined in the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) and the EU-Georgia ENP Action Plan.
Georgia is also part of the Eastern Partnership since its launch in 2009. Under this initiative, closer political association and economic integration with the EU is being promoted by encouraging governments to reform and by strengthening civil society's role in the development process.
Total budget for 2007-2010: EUR 117.4 million
Total budget for 2011-2013: EUR 180.7 million
In addition to this, extra funding of EUR 22 million was made available for Georgia via the Eastern Partnership Integration and Cooperation (EaPIC) programme.
More details on EU-Georgia cooperation
Mid Term Review of the ENPI Programming Documents - Georgia