Guinea-Bissau

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  • 08/04/2014
    24 65744 1 _blank The Spokesperson of Catherine Ashton on forthcoming elections in Guinea Bissau The Spokesperson of Catherine Ashton on forthcoming elections in Guinea Bissau /statements/docs/2014/140408_01_en.pdf 04/08/2014 00:00:00 04/08/2014 14:47:00 04/08/2014 00:00:00 nulldate 2014040800 European External Action Service 090126248bab585b N 090126248bab6c6c /statements/docs/2014/140408_01_en.pdf 538581 pdf Y /statements/docs/2014/140408_01_en.pdf 1 /statements/docs/2014/140408_01_en.pdf /statements/docs/2014/140408_01_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
    The Spokesperson of Catherine Ashton on forthcoming elections in Guinea Bissau pdf - 526 KB [526 KB]
  • 19/03/2014
    EU to observe elections in Guinea Bissau
  • 19/03/2014
    63 65744 1 _blank EU to observe elections in Guinea Bissau EU to observe elections in Guinea Bissau /statements/docs/2014/140319_02_en.pdf 03/19/2014 17:34:00 03/19/2014 17:34:00 03/19/2014 17:34:00 nulldate 2014031917 European External Action Service 090126248b8891c9 N 090126248b8891c9 /statements/docs/2014/140319_02_en.pdf 355062 pdf Y /statements/docs/2014/140319_02_en.pdf 2 /statements/docs/2014/140319_02_en.pdf /statements/docs/2014/140319_02_fr.pdf /statements/docs/2014/140319_02_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
    EU to observe elections in Guinea Bissau pdf - 347 KB [347 KB] français (fr)

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Guinea- BissauGuinea- Bissau

Since its independence from Portugal in 1974, Guinea-Bissau has experienced chronic instability, marked by frequent coups and armed conflict. Since the most recent coup (April 2012), the transitional authorities have been under the de facto control of the armed forces. The EU does not recognise these transitional authorities.

Very low levels of governance and education, ethnic divisions, inadequate basic infrastructure (social, transport, electricity), a weak private sector and the scarcity of resources for export make Guinea-Bissau one of the poorest countries in the world. It has also become a major transit point for cocaine traffic towards Europe.

Development assistance

Under the 10th European Development Fund (2008-13), the EU earmarked a total of €100m to fund programmes focusing on conflict prevention, water and energy, and budgetary aid for stabilisation. However, following the military mutiny in April 2010 and the appointment of the people behind it to high ranking positions, the EU put on hold part of its development cooperation and held consultations with Guinea-Bissau under Article 96 of the Cotonou Agreement. In July 2011, the EU Council concluded the consultations , approving a scheme of mutual commitments.

Humanitarian operations and projects directly benefitting the population were not discontinued and are ongoing.
  
The gradual resumption of full EU cooperation will depend on concrete action by Guinea-Bissau authorities to:

  • remove the armed forces' control of civil power      
  • proceed to deep and genuine reform of the security sector
  • return to constitutional order through democratic and inclusive elections
  • fight against impunity and illicit drugs trafficking.