Political, trade and cooperation relations between the EU and Guinea Bissau are based on the ACP‑EU Partnership Agreement (‘Cotonou Agreement’).
In response to the mutiny of 1 April 2010 and the subsequent appointment of its main instigators to high-ranking posts in the military, in breach of the democratic principles, the EU decided to limit its cooperation with Guinea Bissau, putting on hold its direct support to the national authorities, under Article 96 of the Cotonou Agreement. Humanitarian operations and projects directly benefitting the population were however unaffected.
The gradual resumption of full EU cooperation will depend on concrete actions by the Guinea-Bissau authorities in terms of institutional reform, notably in the security sector, the fight against impunity and improved democratic governance.
However, in July 2014, following Guinea Bissau's elections in April and May 2014, judged by all international observers as free and credible, the EU temporarily suspended measures limiting its cooperation with Guinea-Bissau. This enables the EU to support the elected authorities on their path towards reconstruction and stabilisation.