The main political cooperation framework between the EU and Latin America and the Caribbean, in the migration sector, is the Structured and Comprehensive Dialogue on Migration, first proposed in the EU/LAC Summit of Lima in 2008 , and launched on June 2009.

This Dialogue is part of the EU Global Approach on Migration and Mobility (GAMM) , the EU’s overarching policy framework for relations with third countries or regions in the area of migration. One of its aims is to reinforce the EU's external dimension as regards the migratory phenomenon.

Up to date, the EU-CELAC Structured and Comprehensive Dialogue has held seven High Level Meetings co-chaired by the EU and CELAC:

  • The I Meeting took place in Brussels on 25 September 2009 under Swedish Presidency, with the theme “Synergies between Migration and Development”.
  • Two High Level Meetings took place under Spanish Presidency: the II HLM took place in Madrid on 17-18 February 2010, and dealt with different aspects of “Education, Health and Migration”. The third edition also took place in Madrid on 15-16 March 2010, with the theme “Families, Vulnerable Groups and Migration”.
  • The IV High Level Meeting took place under the Belgian EU Presidency on 17 December 2010 and dealt with different topics related to irregular migration.
  • The V Meeting was held under the Hungarian EU presidency and took place on 24-25 May 2011 in Brussels. It covered issues related to regular migration.
  • Under the Danish EU Presidency, the VI High Level Meeting took place on 25 May 2012 and was dedicated to migration and economic growth.
  • During the Cypriot EU Presidency, on 28 November, the VII High Level Meeting took place and was dedicated to trafficking of human beings and migrant smuggling.
  • The VIII EU-CELAC high Level meeting on Migration was held in Brussels on 26th-27th November 2013 under the Lithuanian Presidency  addressing  policies for the protection and integration of migrants as well as the fight against all forms of discrimination, racism and xenophobia.

The main regional EU-funded project in this field is "Strengthening the dialogue between the EU and LAC to establish management models on migration and development policies" carried out jointly by the International Organization for Migration and the Spanish public entity Fundación Internacional y para Iberoamérica de Administración y Políticas Públicas (FIIAPP) and covers a wide range of issues which include data collection, capacity building and the promotion of remittances.