EU-Macao relations are based on a 1992 Trade and Cooperation Agreement. The European Commission’s 1998 Communication “Building a comprehensive partnership with China” , which supported Macao’s high degree of autonomy, was followed by a 1999 Communication “The EU and Macao: beyond 2000” which underlined the importance of smooth implementation of the ‘one country, two systems’ principle and set out ways in which the EU could contribute to Macao’s political and economic development. The European Commission issues annual reports on developments in Macao SAR, the most recent of which was in February 2009.
Given its status as a separate customs territory, as stated in China’s Basic Law, Macao continues to be treated by the EU as a separate entity for trade policy purposes.
As of April 2001, the EU grants visa-free access to Macao SAR passport holders.