The Northern Dimension (ND) is a joint EU/Russia/Norway/Iceland policy. The ND Policy was initiated in 1999 and renewed in 2006. The policy aims at providing a framework to:
In addition to the four ND Partners (namely the EU, Russia, Norway and Iceland) the following also participate:
The policy covers a broad geographic area, from the European Arctic and Sub-Arctic to the southern shores of the Baltic Sea, countries in the vicinity and from north-west Russia in the east, to Iceland and Greenland in the west.
The renewed ND policy was launched at the Helsinki Summit in November 2006, which adopted a ND Political Declaration [18 KB] and ND Policy Framework Document [68 KB] . The renewed policy introduces a link between the ND and EU-Russia common spaces.
To facilitate ND project implementation, four Partnerships have been established to deal with the following thematic issues:
An ND Institute (NDI) and ND Business Council (NDBC) seek to involve academia and business community in ND cooperation.
The ND Institute maintains the website and provides updated information about ND on Twitter (@ND_Institute).
ND cooperation is based on the principle of co-financing. Over the years, the EU has contributed close to €100m to support the ND aims, out of which the biggest share, €84m, has been allocated to the ND Environmental Partnership's Support Fund (NDEP Support Fund). The total value of the NDEP Support Fund exceeds €330m, the EU and Russia being the major donors.
In addition, the EU has supported the other Partnerships' project activities. EU funding for the ND has also been externally evaluated [3 MB] . EU Member States and other partners, including Russia, have also provided considerable co-funding to the cooperation.
The EU has also used other financial instruments and programmes to support project cooperation in the region, contributing to the aims of ND Policy, notably the Baltic Sea Programme and ENPI Cross-border cooperation programmes.
In 2014-20, the EU will support the Northern Dimension through the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) Regional East Programme .