EU relations with Russia

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  • 15/09/2014
    President Barroso's call with President Putin
  • 12/09/2014
    1 88812 1 _blank Ukraine: Reinforced restrictive measures against Russia Ukraine: Reinforced restrictive measures against Russia

    Strengthened EU sanctions against Russia, entered into force this morning upon publication of the legal acts in the EU Official Journal.

    /top_stories/2014/120914_restrictive_measures_against_russia_en.htm /top_stories/images/300714_eu-russia_flags.jpg
    09/12/2014 14:30:00 09/12/2014 14:30:00 09/12/2014 14:30:00 nulldate 2014091214 090126248c2ecdc2 N 090126248ca685cb /top_stories/2014/120914_restrictive_measures_against_russia_en.htm 10294 xml Y /top_stories/2014/120914_restrictive_measures_against_russia_en.htm 2 /top_stories/2014/120914_restrictive_measures_against_russia_en.htm /top_stories/2014/120914_restrictive_measures_against_russia_fr.htm /top_stories/2014/120914_restrictive_measures_against_russia_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Ukraine: Reinforced restrictive measures against Russia
  • 11/09/2014
    573 65744 1 _blank Statement by the Spokesperson on the abduction of the Estonian police officer Statement by the Spokesperson on the abduction of the Estonian police officer

    We are concerned by the abduction on September 5 of Estonian police officer Eston Kohver by the Russian Security Services on Estonian territory near the Estonian-Russian border. Such action by the Russian Federation runs against international law and the principle of inviolability of borders.

    09/11/2014 21:31:00 09/11/2014 21:31:00 09/11/2014 21:31:00 nulldate 2014091121 <p>European External Action Service</p> 090126248c9d9145 N 090126248c9db741 /statements/docs/2014/140911_01_en.pdf 177458 pdf Y /statements/docs/2014/140911_01_en.pdf 2 /statements/docs/2014/140911_01_en.pdf /statements/docs/2014/140911_01_fr.pdf /statements/docs/2014/140911_01_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the abduction of the Estonian police officer pdf - 174 KB [174 KB] français (fr)

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St Basils CathedralSt Basils Cathedral

Russia is the EU's biggest neighbour and third biggest trading partner, with Russian supplies of oil and gas making up a large percentage of its exports to Europe.

Legal basis for cooperation

The current basis for cooperation is the 1994 Partnership and Co-operation Agreement (PCA).

Negotiations on a new, EU-Russia Agreement were launched at the 2008 Khanty-Mansiysk summit. The new agreement should:

  • provide a more comprehensive framework for EU-Russia relations, reflecting the growth in cooperation since the early 1990s
  • include substantive, legally binding commitments in all areas of the partnership, including political dialogue, freedom, security & justice, economic cooperation, research, education & culture, trade, investment and energy.

Common spaces

Ongoing EU-Russia cooperation covers 4 policy areas – referred to as common spaces:

  • economy & environment
  • freedom, security & justice 
  • external security ­
  • research & education, including cultural aspects.

Partnership for Modernisation

Drawn up following the 2010 Rostov Summit, the Partnership for Modernisation deals with all aspects of moderni­sation – economic, technical (including standards and regulations) rule of law and functioning of the judiciary. The Partnership has become a focal point of mutual cooperation, reinforcing dialogue started under the common spaces. The last progress report 2014 pdf - 427 KB [427 KB] français (fr) русский язык (ru) .

Recent Partnership initiatives include:

  • rule of law projects (setting up an appeal system in the Russian judicial system and anti-corruption activities)
  • civil society development
  • economic and technical modernisation.


Overall, the EU and Russia cooperate on a number of challenges of bilateral and international concern, including climate change, drug and human trafficking, organized crime, counter-terrorism, non-proliferation, the Middle East peace process, and Iran.