EU relations with Russia

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  • 22/07/2014
    1 65744 1 _blank Remarks following the EU Foreign Affairs Council Remarks following the EU Foreign Affairs Council /statements/docs/2014/140722_06_en.pdf 07/22/2014 18:55:00 07/22/2014 18:55:00 07/22/2014 18:55:00 nulldate 2014072218 European External Action Service 090126248c589df0 N 090126248c589df0 /statements/docs/2014/140722_06_en.pdf 445706 pdf Y /statements/docs/2014/140722_06_en.pdf 1 /statements/docs/2014/140722_06_en.pdf /statements/docs/2014/140722_06_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
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  • 22/07/2014
    4 65744 1 _blank Remarks by EU High Representative Catherine Ashton upon arrival at Foreign Affairs Council, 22 July 2014 Remarks by EU High Representative Catherine Ashton upon arrival at Foreign Affairs Council, 22 July 2014 /statements/docs/2014/140722_02_en.pdf 07/22/2014 12:01:00 07/22/2014 12:01:00 07/22/2014 12:01:00 nulldate 2014072212 European External Action Service 090126248c580470 N 090126248c580470 /statements/docs/2014/140722_02_en.pdf 439386 pdf Y /statements/docs/2014/140722_02_en.pdf 1 /statements/docs/2014/140722_02_en.pdf /statements/docs/2014/140722_02_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
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  • 17/07/2014
    Remarks by the President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy following the special meeting of the European Councilpdf

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Russia is the EU's biggest neighbour and third biggest trading partner, with Russian supplies of oil and gas making up a large percentage of its exports to Europe.

Legal basis for cooperation

The current basis for cooperation is the 1994 Partnership and Co-operation Agreement (PCA).

Negotiations on a new, EU-Russia Agreement were launched at the 2008 Khanty-Mansiysk summit. The new agreement should:

  • provide a more comprehensive framework for EU-Russia relations, reflecting the growth in cooperation since the early 1990s
  • include substantive, legally binding commitments in all areas of the partnership, including political dialogue, freedom, security & justice, economic cooperation, research, education & culture, trade, investment and energy.

Common spaces

Ongoing EU-Russia cooperation covers 4 policy areas – referred to as common spaces:

  • economy & environment
  • freedom, security & justice 
  • external security ­
  • research & education, including cultural aspects.

Partnership for Modernisation

Drawn up following the 2010 Rostov Summit, the Partnership for Modernisation deals with all aspects of moderni­sation – economic, technical (including standards and regulations) rule of law and functioning of the judiciary. The Partnership has become a focal point of mutual cooperation, reinforcing dialogue started under the common spaces. The last progress report 2014 pdf - 427 KB [427 KB] français (fr) русский язык (ru) .

Recent Partnership initiatives include:

  • rule of law projects (setting up an appeal system in the Russian judicial system and anti-corruption activities)
  • civil society development
  • economic and technical modernisation.

 

Overall, the EU and Russia cooperate on a number of challenges of bilateral and international concern, including climate change, drug and human trafficking, organized crime, counter-terrorism, non-proliferation, the Middle East peace process, and Iran.