EU Relations with Somalia

SomaliaSomalia

Somalia is located on the Horn of Africa, bordering Djibouti, Kenya and Ethiopia and having a coastline on the Indian Ocean. The total size is 638,000 km² with a population of around 10 million and the capital is Mogadishu on the southern coast.

After years of civil war, Somalia faces the challenges of building peace and security, establishing democratic processes and institutions and strengthening human rights. Waves of violence, caused by inter-clan rivalry and terrorism, have devastated Mogadishu, and other parts of the country as groups try to consolidate power.

In September 2012, a new Somali parliament elected Hassan Sheikh Mohamud as President, ending the phase of a Transitional federal government, and looking to take Somalia forward to finalising its Constitution and having Democratic elections by 2016.

Given the political situation, Somalia faces many development challenges. Life expectancy is extremely low, infant and child mortality is extremely high and access to sanitation is limited. The number of internally displaced persons is around one million people.

Key issues in EU-Somalia relations

The EU is engaged in Somalia through a wide range of assistance measures that include development programmes, active diplomacy, EU staffed missions and operations in support of rule of law and security, and humanitarian assistance.

Priority is given to promoting a peaceful environment in which human rights are respected and democratic institutions can develop. Providing basic social services and creating an environment for sustainable and equitable economic growth will improve the lives of the poorest and the most vulnerable groups.

The EU has long supported the establishment of a peaceful and secure environment in Somalia and encourages reconciliation, democracy and the development of Somali-owned governance structures at all levels.

The EU is supporting Somalia as it implements the New Deal process for fragile states.  This includes co-hosting a Conference in Brussels in September 2013 where a Compact between the International Community and Somalia is to be agreed.   This Compact will identify the key priorities that Somalia will address with the support of its partners.


News and Press ReleasesRSS

  • 20/02/2015
    Statement by the Spokesperson on attack on the Central Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia Statement by the Spokesperson on attack on the Central Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia 02/20/2015 18:38:51 02/20/2015 18:38:51 02/20/2015 18:38:51 02/08/2016 18:38:51 2015022018 090126248e75369f N 090126248e75369f /statements-eeas/2015/150220_06_en.htm 3897 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150220_06_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2015/150220_06_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150220_06_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150220_06_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by the Spokesperson on attack on the Central Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia
  • 09/02/2015
    16 25362 1 _blank EU Heads of Mission statement – EU welcomes new Government EU Heads of Mission statement – EU welcomes new Government

    Heads of Mission of the European Union in Somalia welcome the endorsement by the Federal Parliament of the Cabinet of H.E. Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke.

    /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150209_en.pdf
    02/09/2015 00:00:00 02/09/2015 12:59:00 02/09/2015 00:00:00 nulldate 2015020900 <p>European External Action Service</p> 090126248e4ec3c3 N 090126248e4ec3c3 /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150209_en.pdf 228203 pdf Y /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150209_en.pdf 2 /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150209_en.pdf /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150209_so.pdf /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150209_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
    EU Heads of Mission statement – EU welcomes new Government pdf - 223 KB [223 KB] Soomaaliga (so)
  • 22/01/2015
    7 25362 1 _blank HRWG welcomes the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child HRWG welcomes the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150122_en.pdf 01/22/2015 00:00:00 01/22/2015 12:10:00 01/22/2015 00:00:00 nulldate 2015012200 090126248e1dd9d0 N 090126248e1dd9d0 /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150122_en.pdf 225182 pdf Y /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150122_en.pdf 2 /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150122_en.pdf /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150122_so.pdf /delegations/somalia/documents/press_corner/20150122_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
    HRWG welcomes the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child pdf - 220 KB [220 KB] Soomaaliga (so)
  • 26/12/2014
    Statement by the spokesperson on the attack against the AMISOM base in Mogadishu, Somalia Statement by the spokesperson on the attack against the AMISOM base in Mogadishu, Somalia <p>The attack carried out by Al-Shabaab against the Halane base camp of the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), within Mogadishu International Airport, is a stark reminder of the terrorist threat in Somalia.</p> 12/26/2014 21:28:57 12/26/2014 21:28:57 12/26/2014 21:28:57 12/02/2016 21:28:57 2014122621 090126248dda0e5a N 090126248dda0e5a /statements-eeas/2014/141226_01_en.htm 9823 xml Y /statements-eeas/2014/141226_01_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2014/141226_01_en.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141226_01_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141226_01_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by the spokesperson on the attack against the AMISOM base in Mogadishu, Somalia
  • 08/10/2014
    630 65744 1 _blank Statement by the Spokesperson on the restoring of control over the port city of Barawe in Somalia Statement by the Spokesperson on the restoring of control over the port city of Barawe in Somalia /statements/docs/2014/141008_01_en.pdf 10/08/2014 15:20:00 10/08/2014 15:20:00 10/08/2014 15:20:00 nulldate 2014100815 <p>European External Action Service</p> 090126248cc1af38 N 090126248cc1af38 /statements/docs/2014/141008_01_en.pdf 437578 pdf Y /statements/docs/2014/141008_01_en.pdf 2 /statements/docs/2014/141008_01_en.pdf /statements/docs/2014/141008_01_fr.pdf /statements/docs/2014/141008_01_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the restoring of control over the port city of Barawe in Somalia pdf - 428 KB [428 KB] français (fr)

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