EU Delegation to China publishes Synthesis Report of EU-China Expert Dialogues on Biodiversity and Climate
The Delegation of the European Union to China is publishing a Synthesis Report of EU-China Expert Dialogues: Improve Joint Monitoring and Modelling between Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Action (attached), coordinated by the Strategic Partnership of the Implementation of Paris Agreement project (SPIPA) and edited by DG CLIMA and Chinese experts.
This synthesis report resumes a series of 3 EU-China expert dialogues that have focused on the frontier and challenges in the land sector research for climate actions and biodiversity conservation. These dialogues took place between May and September 2021, as a preparatory activity in the run-up to COP26. The objective was to maintain a high level of engagement between the EU and Chinese relevant stakeholders on climate action, taking into account that this policy area currently holds the most significant potential for mutually and globally beneficial cooperation between the European Union and China. Speakers from the EU and China have elaborated on the interplay between climate and biodiversity, with a comprehensive discussion on the roles of agriculture, nature-based solutions and land carbon removal. Participants have stressed the importance of these sectors in the whole package of climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as biodiversity conservation.
During the “Land for climate and biodiversity: scientific challenges and highlights from EU-China cooperation” event at COP 26 in Glasgow, on 8 November, Octavian Stamate, Counsellor for Climate Action and Energy at the EU Delegation to China, had the opportunity to briefly present the Synthesis Report. Another side-event should be planned for the UN Conference on Biodiversity, at Kunming.
Land is at the centre of unprecedented pressures faced by nature and climate and a key component to tackle the biodiversity and climate crises. After Glasgow Conference on Climate Change, the protection and restoration of nature and ecosystems have been recognised as a key part of climate action. Parties are encouraged to address biodiversity loss and climate change in an integrated approach. At the next UN Conference on Biodiversity, at Kunming, the international community will seek to agree on an ambitious global biodiversity framework with strong monitoring to measure progress on the ground.
The EU and China are committed to address these challenges, and to this end, they have mobilised scientific cooperation on land and agriculture for climate and biodiversity. In 2020, European and Chinese experts met to discuss science-informed policy on agriculture and land for climate and biodiversity. As a result of this work, exchanges between EU and Chinese scientists continued throughout 2021, under the Strategic Partnership for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement.
In near- and mid-term, the EU and China will continue their cooperation in order to:
- disseminate more good practices and lessons learned for a broader application of nature-based solutions;
- improve joint modelling between climate action and biodiversity conservation;
- strengthen relevant research and development cooperation between the EU and China
- develop multi-objective collaborative pilots on climate action and conservation planning.
As a first step on this continued cooperation, the Commission is launching a new “Climate Change and Biodiversity” flagship under the programme Horizon Europe. This was proposed by Commissioner Mariya Gabriel to her Chinese counterpart during the EU-China High Level Dialogue on Research and Innovation that was held in January 2021. The “Food, Agriculture, and Biotechnologies” flagship, already existing in Horizon 2020, is also continuing.