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Strategy for a stronger engagement of the EU in the Culture sector in Mozambique

The European Union Delegation in Mozambique, in view of the growing recognition within the EU of the relevance of culture in its external relations and of its role in development cooperation for territories and societies; but also taking into account the opportunities and challenges of the regional and national context, decided to prepare a strategy for cultural cooperation, which will ensure a long-term involvement of the EU in this sector, in Mozambique, in the coming years.

This study, prepared by experts Cristina Farinha and Matilde Muocha between September 2021 and March 2022, intended to inform the development of this strategy, especially following the negative impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the sector. The diagnosis and proposed strategy were based on literature review, as well as on consultation and discussion with more than 130 diversified stakeholders in the cultural sector, including the public sphere, civil society, the private sector and international organisations represented in Mozambique.

The fieldwork covered the cities and provinces of Maputo, Inhambane (incl. Tofo and Vilankulo), Beira, Nampula (incl. The Island of Moçambique), Lichinga and Pemba.


The cultural sector was considered in a broad sense, including all activities that:

  1. are based on cultural and artistic values and other individual or collective creative expressions; and,
  2. include the design, creation, production, dissemination and preservation of goods and services that constitute cultural, artistic or any other creative expression, and related functions such as education or management. Regardless of:
    1. whether or not these activities are market-oriented;
    2. the type of structure that carries out these activities; and,
    3. the type of financing of that structure.