EU Statement - 10th Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT): Main Committee II Regional Issues, including the Middle East
I have the honour to speak on behalf of the European Union.
The Candidate Countries Türkiye, North Macedonia*, Montenegro*, Serbia*, Albania*, Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova, the country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as Monaco and San Marino align themselves with this statement.
The EU reaffirms its full support for the establishment of a zone free of nuclear and all other weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems in the Middle East. We consider the 1995 NPT Resolution valid until its goals and objectives are achieved and strongly support the outcome of the 2010 NPT Review Conference on the Middle East.
The EU notes the two UN Conferences on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems and is encouraged by their outcomes. The EU recalls that, as stated in the 2010 NPT Review Conference Action Plan, such zones can only be established on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at between, and taking into account the security interests of all States of the region concerned. We therefore strongly encourage all stakeholders, and especially the States of the region, to engage in meaningful consultations and work towards the implementation of the 1995 NPT Resolution. The path for action as set out in the 2010 Action Plan remains the most promising basis on which to proceed.
Furthermore, the EU continues to call on all States in the region, which have not yet done so, to accede to and abide by the NPT, the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, to sign and ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, and to conclude a Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and the Additional Protocol with the IAEA. Universal subscription to The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missiles Proliferation would also contribute to regional confidence building, which is necessary for progress towards a Middle East WMD free zone.
The EU continues to stand ready to assist in the process and help produce a conducive atmosphere. In this regard, the EU provides significant funding to the UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) on a process of confidence-building leading to the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems in the Middle East. An EU-funded side event on 10 August in the margins of the NPT Review Conference will highlight the achievements of this UNIDIR project and next steps.
The EU Centres of Excellence established in Jordan, Algeria, Morocco and the United Arab Emirates also assist the Middle East region to mitigate CBRN risks and contribute to capacity building in the region.
Thank you, Chair.
* North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Albania continue to be part of the Stabilisation and Association Process.