Russia is the EU’s largest neighbour. The EU and Russia share longstanding historical, cultural, scientific and economic ties and face key global issues together. However, the deliberate policy choices of the Russian leadership over the last years, in particular its illegal annexation of the Crimean Peninsula in 2014 and its ongoing destabilising actions in Ukraine, against EU Member States and against EU neighbours have created a negative spiral in EU-Russia relations. The EU has imposed restrictive measures, including sectoral sanctions, as a result of Russia’s actions in Ukraine, while formats such as regular high-level dialogues and cooperation remain suspended in the absence of the full implementation of the Minsk agreements by Russia.
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