RELATIONS WITH THE EU
The European Union and Rwanda
The European Union (EU) and Rwanda have a long-standing partnership focusing on promoting global governance and cooperation in international institutions and on multilateral issues, promoting sustainable and inclusive development of Rwanda, as well as increasing trade and investment between the parties. Regular political and sector dialogues covering the whole breadth and depth of the relationship provide platforms for discussing respective policy priorities and reforms and underpin EU development assistance in support of these.
Political relations between the European Union and Rwanda have been developing steadily since the independence of Rwanda in 1962, establishment of the presence of the European Union in Rwanda in the mid-1980s and formalisation of the relations in 1991 with the signature of an "accord de siege" with the Rwandan Government.
The EU’s joint foreign and security policy, manifested in the EU's Global Strategy is designed preserve peace, strengthen international security, promote international cooperation as well as to develop and consolidate democracy, rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. The strategy ensures the credibility, responsiveness and coherence of the Union, in particular, by joining up EU and Member States' external policies, in areas such as trade, development cooperation, humanitarian aid, or migration.
The EU and Rwanda share interests and policy priorities in keeping peace and security in the region, in particular, the African Great Lakes region, but also more broadly on the continent, and jointly cooperate in a number of missions (e.g. Central Africa) and initiatives (Emergency Transfer mechanism for refugees evacuated from Libyan camps). Through political dialogue, the possibility of cooperation and coordination of approaches on multilateral matters, such as climate diplomacy, international migration or the international trading rules is pursued.
Political relations between the EU and Rwanda are part of a broader EU – Africa partnership anchored in the Joint Africa-EU Strategy adopted by Heads of State and Government at the second EU-Africa Summit in 2007. During the 5th AU-EU Summit on 29-30 November 2017 in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, EU and African leaders adopted a Joint Declaration on 'Investing in Youth for Accelerated Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development' - external link(link is external). Following up on this, the former President of the EU Commission J.C. Juncker announced a new Africa-Europe Alliance for Sustainable Investment and Jobs in his State of the Union Address on 12 September 2018, proposing to
- boost strategic investment and strengthening the role of the private sector to create jobs
- invest in people by investing in education and skills
- strengthen business environment and investment climate
- tap the full potential of economic integration and trade.
While initially the focus has been primarily on development cooperation, the signature of the ACP - EU Partnership Cotonou Agreement in 2000, created space for broadening of bilateral relations also to political, economic and trade areas through the establishment of a platform for regular political dialogue as well as other types of formal and informal consultations. Nearing the expiry of the Cotonou Agreement, the Post Cotonou negotiations on a new EU/Africa-Caribbean-Pacific Partnership Agreement concluded on 15 April 2021. Relations between the EU and Rwanda will in future be framed by the new EU-OACPS Partnership Agreement.
The EU's main objectives in its partnership with Rwanda are:
- Supporting Rwanda's implementation of its national development strategy Vision 2050 and progress towards the sustainable development goals;
- Strengthening rule of law, accountability, and human rights, the development of civil society and supporting the reconciliation process in Rwanda;
- Improving economic governance and business climate to help developing trade and investment opportunities;
- Working with Rwanda to address global and continental challenges, such as peace and security, migration or climate change, including through cooperation in multilateral fora.
The EU development cooperation with Rwanda is framed in the Republic of Rwanda Multi annual Indicative Programme MIP 2021-2027, which outlines main priority areas for development cooperation in the country for seven years, while financial allocations for the initial period 2021-2024 period are set at EUR 260 million. The three main areas identified jointly with the Government of Rwanda are:
- Education, Skills and Jobs for the Youth, which aims to enhance levels of human capital to ensure a well-educated and highly skilled workforce that can contribute to the government’s vision of diversifying the economy towards high productivity knowledge-based sectors, focusing particularly on health and hospitality.
- A Green Deal for Inclusive Development, which is to support in parallel rural development and transformation of agriculture to a more market-driven value-creating sector, with better linkages to urban markets, and at the same time harnessing the opportunities of urbanization and digital investments, particularly in secondary cities.
- Political and Economic Governance, with aim to consolidate good governance and justice as building blocks for socioeconomic transformation, and at the same time support more effective economic governance and investment promotion. In line with EU core values and principles, the focus will remain also on strengthening of public accountability and democratic governance, development of vibrant civil society and respect for human rights.
In its cooperation with Rwanda, the EU will respect its commitment to ensure that at least 85% of all actions funded have gender equality and women and girls’ empowerment as a principal or significant objective, while at least 30% of funds should contribute to achieving climate change goals.
The EU development assistance will be implemented through various modalities, including sector budget support programmes, technical assistance or project grants to civil society. In parallel, Rwanda also has access to EU regional funds as well as thematic and global budget lines for support of research and innovation, education, training, youth and sport, human rights, and others. Finally, Rwanda benefits from support of EU member states, including in the context of joint Team Europe initiatives.
Economic and Trade Relations
Economic and trade relations between the EU and Rwanda are substantial as the European Union is Rwanda's second largest trade partner, accounting for about 12 per cent of its total trade. EU exports to Rwanda are mainly manufactured products such as machinery, transport equipment and chemicals. EU imports from Rwanda are dominated by primary products, especially agricultural goods and vegetable and mineral products. The EU is also Rwanda's biggest foreign investor. EU private capital stock represents around 17% of the total foreign capital stock in Rwanda.
The EU aims to support Rwanda’s engagement and leadership in regional bodies and the implementation of Rwanda’s international trade commitments, in particular the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA). The new action will support Rwanda’s efforts on trade facilitation, the reduction of non-tariff barriers, harmonising standards, and liberalising investment and services. It will also enhance investment promotion and support a more conducive business environment with a focus on improving investor after-care and investor protection.
The EU and the EAC have concluded negotiations for the EU – EAC Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA), which Rwanda and Kenya signed on 1 September 2016. The agreement covers trade in goods and development cooperation. It also contains an extensive chapter on fisheries – aiming mainly to reinforce cooperation on the sustainable use of resources - and foresees further negotiations on services and trade-related rules in future. Since other regional partners have not signed up to the agreement, and following the decision of the EAC summit in 2021 to authorise interested EAC Member States to pursue implementation of the agreement bilaterally, the EU is now exploring ways to set up an interim agreement with interested partners.
The Export Helpdesk provides all information to existing or potential exporters from Rwanda and the East African Community (EAC) for access to the EU single market.
Private Sector Development
The EU has launched a programme targeting private sector development, with a focus on youth employment and expansion of the private sector. The programme aims at (1) improving market-oriented skills for the tourism and hospitality sector and (2) increasing equal access to employment opportunities through innovation/incubation hubs in 4 secondary cities. We believe the programme will make a meaningful contribution to the Government's objective to create 214,000 new jobs per year up to 2024, whilst also being a first effort by the EU in terms of supporting private sector development as a crucial driver of economic development in Rwanda.
The EU has launched a new programme to further foster private sector led growth. The programme aims at (1) enhancing the production of reliable policy-oriented statistics and (2) promoting trade and investment across sectors, which would provide support to households and boost employment and growth towards recovery of COVID-19 impact to Rwanda. This action will further crowd in private investment in key economic sectors such services, infrastructure, agriculture, energy, information and communication technologies. The Technical Assistance was launched to support daily management of this programme, and contribute to capacity building of the two government implementing institutions.
With regard to entrepreneurship, the new EU action will focus on addressing gaps in the SMEs development journey, in particular from the ideation to post-incubation stages. This will increase the creation and growth of youth-led MSMEs, with a strong emphasis on inclusion of young women and persons with disabilities. The envisaged support will strongly complement the work of existing incubation hubs, in particular those currently being established through EU funding.
EU support also aims to strengthen the contribution of the mining sector to economic and social development through a holistic intervention, including support to the professionalization and modernisation of operators, digitalisation of licenses and procedures, labour rights and social protection, training and skills upgrading. These interventions will aim to reinforce the attractiveness of a high potential economic sector notably in terms of the creation of decent jobs.
In March 2020, the European Business Chamber of Rwanda (EBCR) was formally registered. The EU has promoted the creation of this association representing European business from its beginning and has supported its institutional capacity and development. The EU will continue to assist the EBCR in performing its mission to support both European businesses trading in Rwanda and Rwandan businesses exporting to Europe; to provide a forum for networking within the business community; and to be a partner for Government and development partners for policy dialogue on relevant issues.
In order to achieve greater results in terms of poverty reduction and development, the Government of Rwanda aims to place more emphasis on accountability towards the citizens and that citizen participation in decision-making processes. The 11th EDF Accountable Democratic Governance Programme (ADGP) is contributing to address these gaps by supporting:
a. The Parliament so that parliamentarians can carry out their oversight, legislation and representation functions more effectively.
b. The Office of the Ombudsman in relation to investigation and prosecution of corruption and to make the right to information a reality for all Rwandans.
c. The Ministry of Justice with the aim to improve access to justice, focusing on the decentralized justice actors, including the Abunzi committees (mediation committees dealing mainly with land disputes), and legal education.
d. The National Authorizing Office (NAO) with the aim to contribute to efficient and effective programming and implementation of EU funded projects and programmes through a greater integration of the NAO functions into the national system.
Under the Annual Action Plan 2022, the EU foresees to continue its support in strengthening Justice and Accountability as set in the Justice, Reconciliation, Law and Order Sector (JRLOS) Strategic Plan 2018-2024. The future programme will have three components: i) the first will aim at enhancing the professionalism and skills of the Justice main actors, improving the delivery of timely justice through the reduction of the backlog of cases, modernizing the justice system, and improving access to quality justice. ii) The second component will focus on Reconciliation, Rehabilitation and Unity through support to Rwanda Correctional Service (RCS) and civil society. This component will aim at expanding and strengthening the provision of technical, vocational, education and training (TVET) in prisons. The component will also tackle an important aspect of reconciliation and peace building which is socio psychological healing and rehabilitation processes at community level, implemented through civil society organisations. iii) The third component will support Voice and Accountability of civil society organisations strengthening their capacity to work with citizens, and to increase justice delivery and foster accountability to citizens.
The EU Delegation also supports economic governance through different projects in coordination with other Member States. These projects aim specifically at:
- Reinforcing the capacity of the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR) to produce reliable policy-oriented statistics. EU support focuses particularly on the production and publication of regular vital and business statistics such as the 2022 Rwanda Population and Housing Census;
Strengthening public finance management through specific support to the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (Minecofin) as well as through close coordination efforts with various stakeholders, building the capacity and confidence of the Rwanda Revenue Authority (RRA), particularly related to international taxation and transfer pricing, and supporting the Office of the Auditor General.
Rural Development, Environment and Gender
The EU is a long standing partner of Rwanda in the areas of rural development, climate resilience, environment and biodiversity. Support to the Social Protection Relief and Recovery Pillar benefiting the most vulnerable to COVID 19 pandemic has as well been provided in the midst of Covid 19 pandemic. In 2021, the EU and Rwanda have jointly identified a comprehensive €69 million programme for the period 2022-2025. This new programme intends to consolidate the transition to socially and environmentally inclusive agri-food systems, including the improvement of inclusive agriculture value chains targeting local, regional and international markets. In line with Rwanda’s economic development, emissions profile and climate vulnerability, climate adaptation measures in the agricultural sector are supported, whilst enhancing climate and biodiversity benefits. Gender sensitive actions are included in the programme.
The programme will include a mix of institutional support to improve the agricultural and environmental national policy framework, and a Team Europe Initiative ‘Investing in sustainable and inclusive agricultural transformation’, jointly conceived and funded with EU Member States.
The Team Europe initiative is built around the construction and development of the Kigali Wholesale market and related markets in secondary cities, as central components of highly productive and inclusive value chains. The transformational objective of the initiative is to drive an innovative, sustainable and inclusive shift towards market-oriented high-value cropping systems geared towards feeding the cities. Enhancing rural-urban markets connectivity will raise agricultural productivity, and consolidate private sector mobilisation across value chains. Women participation along the different value chains is a priority. Value chains pre-identified are horticulture and livestock, including aquaculture and fisheries, given economic potential and expected impact on nutrition and food security.
The institutional support will be implemented following a budget support logic: disbursements based on NST1/PST4 and NDC policy indicators performance, technical assistance and policy dialogue.
The EU is a strongly committed player in the different policy dialogue fora in Rwanda, in the areas of agriculture, environment, gender and social protection.
Further than the new 2022-2025 program, the EU is currently implementing the following operations:
- Agroforestry, evergreen agriculture and agro-ecology with projects with IUCN, ICRAF, World Vision and CCOAIB on the development of agroforestry, evergreen agriculture and agro-ecology techniques with the communities and the integration agroforestry programs into district development plans.
- Development of inclusive intensive and high value addition agriculture with: i) the support to FAO on value chain platforms and agriculture innovation; ii) the construction of a new NAEB laboratory and cooperation at regional level with EAC secretariat for enhanced quality of export crops; iii) the support to horticulture and coffee value chains through grants to Technoserve, Tearfund, ICU and Oxfam.
- New and better data collection and analysis efforts for enhanced agricultural policy relevance and public investment analysis, in partnership with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
The EU has made the commitment that at least 85% of all actions funded under the Neighbourhood Development and Cooperation Instrument (NDICI) have gender equality and women and girls’ empowerment as a principal or a significant objective. This strong commitment to Gender Equality and Women Empowerment is reflected in the Country Level Implementation Plan (2020-2024) together with EU Member States present in Rwanda.
Energy, Infrastructure and Regional Integration
The EU was, until the end of 2021, one of the main development partners of Rwanda in the area of energy. Starting 2022, efforts from the EU in Rwanda will mainly focus on a) the clean cooking sector b) major regional power generation projects
With regards to clean cooking, Rwanda has been selected as one of the beneficiary countries of the Global Climate Change Alliance Plus (GCCA+)(link is external) fund equivalent to EUR 5 million. This initiative aims to foster dialogue and cooperation on climate change between the European Union (EU) and developing countries most vulnerable to climate change. In particular, these funds will support the implementation of the Biomass Energy Strategy in reducing the climate impact of cooking in Rwanda through improved cooking systems. EUR 4 million have also been allocated to Rwanda under the DeSIRA (Development -Smart Innovation through Research in Agriculture) initiative, supported by the European Union (EU) with some EU member states and other partners such as the Melinda and Bill Gates Foundation. The support aims to implement research on forest productivity and cooking habits and methods with a view to narrowing the gap between sustainable national biomass supply and demand. Last, the EU will support the supply of more than 700 efficient cook stoves to over 300 schools (for around EUR 3.8 million).
On generation projects, current support includes EU financing through the EU - Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund (link is external)(link is external) and the Africa Investment Platform towards the development of regional hydropower projects such as Ruzizi III & IV (Rwanda-DRC-Burundi)
Other EU funded opportunities for Rwanda in the area of energy includes Electrify (link is external)(link is external), which offers reimbursable grants for quasi-equity instruments, subordinated debt, working capital facilities, development finance and guarantees, and other type of investment facilities.
The EU promotes peace, stability and regional integration in Rwanda and its neighbouring countries. In this regard several projects are financed to contribute to better management of shared water resources in Lake Kivu and the Rusizi river
The EU also supports Rwanda and neighbouring countries’ objectives of an increased and improved mobility of people and goods, more affordable transport for a better access to essential services, good quality infrastructure and improved safety for goods and passengers. As part of this effort, the EU has co-finances rehabilitation of the 208 km Kagitumba-Kayonza–Rusumo road with a EUR 20 million contribution from the EU-Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund (link is external)(link is external) via the African Development Bank.
Last, the EU funded Action “Secure Cross-Border Social, Economic and Commercial Activities in the Great Lakes Region” (EUR 20 million) works towards strengthening the economic integration and social cohesion of the cross-border communities of Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), through the implementation of an integrated border management approach, facilitated by improved infrastructure, including the construction of relevant border facilities comprising the One Stop Border Post (OSBP) at Rusizi 2 border, warehousing and truck parking, complemented by road construction to and from the border post.
Over the last quarter century, Rwanda has made great progress in building a well-functioning system for basic education, with clear gains in particular in expanding access to primary education. However, big challenges remain. According to the World Bank’s Human Capital Index (HCI) Rwanda scores particularly low on education-related indicators. A child who starts school at age 4 can expect to complete 6.9 years of school by his/her 18th birthday. Factoring in what children actually learn, expected years of school drops to 3.9 years. Less than two thirds of Rwandan children complete primary education. In grade one about a quarter of all students repeat. This reflects that a large majority of children are not adequately prepared for schooling because they enter primary education without having had access to adequate early childhood development opportunities.
Concerning Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), structures remain ill equipped and unable to deliver training of adequate quality. The sustained involvement of private sector in curricula development, aligning them with market needs, and traineeships of graduates and students would strengthen employability outcomes.
The EU's main objectives, in its partnership with Rwanda on Education for 2021-2024, will be to support Early Childhood Development and Education (ECD/ECE) and TVET sectors:
- EU support to ECE/ECD will help Rwanda to deliver on its ambitious objective to increase access to ECE services from the current 13% to 45% in 2024. EU interventions will support integrated approaches combining schools’ construction, teachers’ training, quality standards and assessments, health, nutrition, care, childhood development and early learning (including parenting support programmes), community-based childcare, centre-based programme provision and formal pre-primary education.
- EU support to the TVET sector will seek to address issues around access, namely-affordability and proximity; the need to improve the quality of education (school management, curricula); and their alignment of learning outcomes with the needs of private sector.
Well-managed urbanisation will be another essential driver for Rwanda to achieve its twin aspirations of growth and improved quality of life. Urbanisation generates enormous economic benefits as the concentration of economic activity and job opportunities provides the potential to attract surplus agricultural labour and promote migration from rural areas.
Poorly managed urbanisation could however threaten the state of the environment, leading to increased vulnerability to flood risks, land degradation and biodiversity loss. Scarce access to land in and around Kigali has resulted in unplanned settlements, many of which are exposed to climate hazards, particularly flooding. The city’s extensive network of wetlands has shrunk from 100 sq. km in 2013 to the current level of 72 sq. km due to encroachment by activities such as industry and urban agriculture.
Some other fundamental problems associated with urban development and management in the country include insufficient urban pull factors including a weak urban economy and inadequate urban services; weak urban governance and institutional coordination; uncontrolled urban sprawls and informal settlements; weak rural-urban linkages; and inadequate urban investment and financing.
Rwanda therefore seems at a critical junction: while overall urbanisation in Rwanda is still low (17.3% according to the 2014 census), the annual urban growth rate stood at 3.2% in 2019, and some secondary cities are experiencing growth rates two or three times higher than the national average. It is therefore important to act now: most urban areas and infrastructure are yet to be built.
The EU's main objectives, in its partnership with Rwanda on sustainable urbanisation for 2021-2024, will therefore cover two main areas:
a) Strengthening urban governance and management, supporting broad-based engagement and inclusive citizen participation in urban processes;
b) Improved service delivery at city level for various sub-sectors such as storm water management and flood prevention, affordable housing and informal settlements upgrading, solid waste management, and sustainable urban mobility;
The focus will be on major issues still faced by Kigali, but also on secondary and satellite cities, to foster a more balanced system of cities within the country.
In 2021, President Paul Kagame made a case for local vaccine production in Africa and the need to strengthen health systems on the continent in view of future outbreaks. Since then, the country has embarked on an ambitious plan to deliver this vision, which has gathered support from many development partners and Team Europe in particular.
The EU in Rwanda has rapidly positioned itself as one of the leading partners to support the country in developing its own production and attracting private investment. This comes against the backdrop of the initiative launched in 2021 by President Von der Leyen at the G20 Global Health Summit, which aims to mobilize EUR 1 billion from the EU budget and EU development finance institutions to support local vaccine production in Africa.
The first drug manufacturing plant is set to be built in Rwanda in 2022. This endeavour brings about the need to address a wider vaccine-manufacturing environment: the need for technology transfer, specialised equipment, skilled personnel and the necessity to boost the capacity of national regulatory authorities, namely of the Rwanda Food and Drug Agency (Rwanda FDA), which will play a key role in this process.
In this context, the EU supports the country’s ambitions through:
- EU support to the Rwanda FDA through a Twinning cooperation with a consortia of EU regulatory agencies (EUR 2 million), in view of improving regulation of human medicines, including vaccines.
- EU complements the latter through a programme with Enabel (EUR 7 million) to support RFDA with training and laboratory equipment, the digitalisation of pharmaceutical system, as well as to help improve the wider skills’ development in the country, specifically at university level. This comes after the EU initiated the supply of critical quality control laboratory equipment to the RFDA early 2022.
- Last, the EU, in partnership with the EIB and WHO (overall amount EUR 4.3 million), will also support the construction of a National Health Laboratory, which will improve the country’s testing, diagnosis, and prevention capacities concerning future epidemics. It will also support training of personnel working in the laboratory.
Civil Society and Human Rights
Civil society and respect for human rights are integral part of EU – Rwanda relations in all areas of cooperation. The EU therefore offers financial support to strengthen the capacity of civil society organisations to ensure their meaningful participation in development, implementation and monitoring of national policies. In parallel, the EU's support of civil society organisations through thematic programmes helps to contribute to awareness raising and promotion of human rights issues in society in line with the 2012 European Commission Communication 'The roots of democracy and sustainable development: Europe's engagement with civil society in external relations'. This policy promotes an enhanced and strategic engagement with civil society in partner countries, with a particular focus on local CSOs. It also calls for a strategic approach at country level for the EU and its countries through the development of EU Roadmaps for engagement with civil society in each specific country.
The EU CSO Roadmap for Rwanda has been compiled through an extensive consultation process led by the EU Delegation, in collaboration with EU member states and CSOs. The purpose of the Roadmap is to establish a common strategic framework for the EU Delegation and the EU countries with a view to improving the impact, predictability and visibility of EU action.
In addition, the Delegation’s protection and promotion of human rights in Rwanda is guided by the EU and member states’ Human Rights and Democracy Country Strategy 2021-24. This localises the EU’s global Action Plan for Human Rights and Democracy 2020-24.
Funding and other opportunities for civil society society organisations is allocated primarily through Calls for Proposals. Interested groups should check the EU website regularly for updates, and/or follow our social media accounts (links at end of page).
The European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) offers needs-based humanitarian assistance to Rwanda in line with the implementation of EU's Humanitarian Implementation Plan for the Great Lakes Region. In this context, the EU is, together with EU Member States, one of the main financial and technical supporters of UN Agency for Refugees (UNHCR) (link is external) globally and together with the UNHCR and the Government of Rwanda helps to provide assistance to the refugees from the Great Lakes region residing in the country. In addition, the EU provides a €12.5 million support package to the UNHCR's Emergency Transit Mechanism (ETM) in Rwanda, offering a life-saving avenue out of Libya for people in need of international protection, with a view to their further resettlement.
To support the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic in Rwanda, the EU mobilised together with the EU Member States almost 4 million vaccine doses.
The Delegation of the EU to Rwanda, in close cooperation with the missions of EU countries, undertakes regular public diplomacy activities to reach out to Rwandans in urban and rural areas in an effort to increase the knowledge and understanding of the EU, create links between European and Rwandans – e.g. through cultural activities and increase the visibility of EU relations with Rwanda.
The EU also engages in economic diplomacy activities to support EU traders and investors in Rwanda with a view to increasing economic exchanges between the partners. In the context of EU climate diplomacy, the Delegation of the EU to Rwanda organises or participates in events to spread awareness about the importance of climate change mitigation and adaptation and promoting the role of youth in climate actions.
Some examples of our regular activities are:
Each 9 May Europe Day celebrates peace and unity in Europe as it marks the anniversary of the historic 1950 Schuman Declaration, which set out a vision for a new form of European political cooperation which sought to make war between European nations unthinkable. Europe Day is celebrated in Kigali.
"European Autumn of Culture" including the EU Film Festival
Every year, the European Union Film Festival gives Rwandans a chance to experience Europe's diverse and rich film heritage. Whether highlighting historic events, political subjects or personal dilemmas, European films are intellectually stimulating and culturally engaging. The festival runs for one week and is organised by the Delegation in cooperation with the Diplomatic Missions and cultural institutes of EU countries. Around this, the EU Delegation and MS organise other events and cultural manifestations, bringing together EU and Rwandan artists seeking to attract Rwandan audiences from all ages and spheres of society.
European Street Fair
The European Street Fair is one of Kigali's largest events and is organised once a year by the EU Delegation together with the Member States in Rwanda. The fair includes stand presentations, games, dance performances, art exhibitions, live music, as well as food and drinks from Kigali's vendors. The event is open to all and aims to raise awareness about the EU's work in Rwanda.