The National Indicative Program, the basis of cooperation between Senegal and the European Union for the period 2014-2020, contributes to the promotion of a sustainable and inclusive economy. In line with Senegal's development strategy, the 11th European Development Fund focuses on strengthening democratic governance, sustainable agricultural development, food security and water and sanitation.

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    15,000 clay pots have been placed in Senegalese waters
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    15,000 clay pots have been placed in Senegalese waters to form artificial reefs providing favorable habitat for octopus reproduction.

EU-Senegal Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement: Octopus pots to save and reproduce the species

Description of the initiative 

As part of the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement (SFAA) between the European Union (EU) and the Republic of Senegal, 15,000 clay pots were placed this year in Senegalese waters to form artificial reefs providing habitat favorable to the reproduction of octopus. The clay pots were made by women living in villages near Mbour and Nguéniene. The technique of immersing clay pots is an integral part of the support strategy for artisanal fishing under the APPD agreement. Irène Mingasson, EU Ambassador to Senegal, officially inaugurated this year the immersion of terracotta pots on September 12, 2019 in Guéréo, near Dakar. The artificial breeding grounds provided by the clay pots have allowed a considerable increase in the number of octopus since the practice began in 2006. This generates significant income for the local communities, especially for the women who make the clay pots. , for artisanal fishermen who have an abundant supply of octopus to fish, and for local fish merchants. Therefore, octopus pots not only preserve and restore the ecosystem and increase the species' biomass, but they also help maintain local artisanal fisheries in a viable way. 

Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement (SFAA) between the European Union (EU) and Senegal 

The PDDA concluded between the European Union (EU) and Senegal in 2014 and the new application protocol (2019-2024) allow EU fishing vessels to access the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of Senegal to fish for tuna and a limited quantity of demersal species such as black hake. In return, the EU pays access fees and contributes financially to the sustainable development of the fisheries sector and to the strengthening of its overall fisheries governance capacity (surveillance and control, fight against illegal fishing, scientific capacity, etc. .) in Senegal. In addition, to support local employment, the protocol provides that Senegalese seafarers on board European ships represent more than a quarter of seafarers. Conservation measures adopted by the competent authority, the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), must be observed. The clay pot project is one of the activities carried out under the PDPA to create artificial reefs. Another action is to dump old and clean fishing boats off the Dakar peninsula. 

Perspective 

For the future, the President of the association of women who produce octopus pots wants to acquire quality equipment for crushing limestone and clay, which is currently done in an artisanal and traditional way. In addition, a storage room to be able to keep the pots and raw materials as well as an oven to cook the pots would be beneficial for the workers in order to optimize working times during the dry season and to make the finished products available on site. request and on time. 

Sustainability and relevance of the initiative 

The EU has a network of partnership agreements in the field of sustainable fisheries in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. These agreements are based on the principle of fishing for surplus stocks and focus on resource conservation and environmental sustainability. They contain clauses concerning respect for human rights. International fisheries governance is a priority for the EU. Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements are a transparent, coherent and mutually beneficial tool that improves fisheries governance for sustainable exploitation, fish supply and fisheries sector development in EU partner countries. In addition, Sustainable Fisheries Agreements help the EU to establish partnerships with third countries that go beyond the field of fisheries, opening up new perspectives for job creation, supporting more economic links and activities. broad and helping to combat the causes of illegal immigration. They are aligned with the EU's Common Fisheries Policy, which defines the principles and objectives of sustainable fisheries partnership agreements. These provisions aim to ensure that the fishing activities of EU vessels outside EU waters are based on the same principles and standards as those applicable under EU law. In addition, these sustainable fisheries agreements help ensure effective data collection, monitoring and surveillance measures. The development of the fisheries and aquaculture sector is one of the Senegalese government’s priorities with regard to stocks of demersal species such as octopus. The objective is to sustainably manage fishery resources in a participatory and inclusive manner. 

GENERAL INFORMATIONS 

Partner country: Senegal 
ODA measure: Sectoral support 
Keywords: 

  • Octopus 
  • Clay pots 
  • Artisanal fishing 
  • Support for women's work 

Framework agreement 2014-2019: 

Entered into force on November 20, 2014 and tacitly renewed for an additional period of 5 years. 

Protocol 2019-2024: 

Renewed and implemented since November 19, 2019. 

PRESENTATION OF THE BENEFICIARY 

Name of beneficiary: Local fishing communities (CLP).
Objectives: Sustainable management of octopus and support for local communities.
Location of the organization: La Petite Côte, Senegal 

BUDGET 

Total financial contribution: € 1,668,000 / year over 5 years 
Sectoral support to the fishing sector: € 750,000 / year 

Support program for strengthening the civil status information system and creating a national biometric identity file 

The EU Trust Fund finances relevant projects to address the causes of migration, and to encourage Senegal's efforts in cooperation on migration issues. In this context, support will be provided for the strengthening of a universal civil status information system and the creation of a national biometric identity file so that each Senegalese is able to avail himself of the rights. inherent in its secure identity. 

The program will contribute to the modernization of civil status by setting up support for strategic management, by improving the offer (accessibility of centers, training of actors, archiving, etc.) and demand ( awareness campaigns, civic education, etc.). In addition, the program should support the creation of a national biometric identity file linked to the computerized civil status information system capable of securing the identity of the population and of being usable by other administrations. 

Main objective: 

  • Contribute to respect for the rights of individuals related to the recognition of their identity by setting up an efficient civil status information system and creating a secure biometric national identity file. 

Specific objectives: 

  • Improve the Senegalese civil status information system. 
  • Create a national biometric civil status file. 

Cost: 28 M € 

Program Partners

  • Civipol 
  • ENABEL - Belgian Development Agency 

Geographic area: Senegal 

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     The European Union supports Senegal in the creation of a national biometric civil status file
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    The European Union supports Senegal in the creation of a national biometric civil status file.

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    "Developing employment in Senegal - Tekki fii" program
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    The "Developing employment in Senegal - Tekki fii" program aims to strengthen the competitiveness of businesses and the training and professional integration of young people.

Developing employment in Senegal: strengthening the competitiveness of businesses and employability in the departure areas

This program aims to promote the employment and professional integration of young people in areas of departure of migrants. It offers upgrading of businesses in high-potential sectors (with the Business Upgrade Office and the Agency for the Development and Supervision of SMEs), and the strengthening of the professionalization of the workforce. work that can be used in these same sectors and regions. 

Main objective

Promote employment, in particular for young people, by improving the offer (training and professional integration) and developing demand (upgrading businesses) in the regions of departure. 

Specific objectives

  • Strengthen the fabric of local businesses. 
  • Expand equitable access to vocational training. 
  • Promote access to funding for beneficiaries of the Program (currently being formulated). 
  • Provide information on economic opportunities in Senegal. 

Total estimated cost: 40 M € 

Program Partners

  • GRET NGO 
  • Luxembourg cooperation (LuxDev) 
  • French Development Agency (AFD) 
  • Positive Planet International 

Geographic area: Senegal 

(Kedougou, Diourbel, Kolda, Sedhiou, Tambacounda, Ziguinchor, Saint-Louis, Louga, Matam)